Thursday, May 18, 2017

Jyotish Units

|| Om Gurave Namah ||

Dear Jyotishas,
Here I will try to list the common units used in Jyotish text books.
Sanjay P

Unit:घटिक ghaṭika Ghatika, 
Other Names: Nadi, Nadika, Naligai(Tamil)
Description: Approximate time for water to drain from a water pot. A day is divided in 60 Parts of 24 ghatikas.
Equivalent: 24 Minutes

Sub Unit:विघटिक vighaṭika vighatika
Description :  60th portion of Ghatika, Usually the prefix "vi" in mathematical units is to indicate 60th portion,
Equivalent: 24 Seconds

Unit: पल pala (As unit of Time)
Description:  A Vighatika is also called a Pala, so it's also 60th portion of Ghatika.
Equivalent: 24 Seconds.

Sub Unit: विपल vipala
Description: 60th portion of Pala.
Equivalent: 0.4 Seconds.

Unit: असु asu (as unit of time)
Description: 10 Vipala makes a asu
Equivalent: 4 Seconds.

Unit: प्राण prāṇa (as unit of time). 
Description: 1/6 of Vinadi or 10 Vipala, Same as Asu. Approximately equal to one breath cycle time. 
Equivalent: 4 Seconds.

आच्छादन - ācchādana/Acchadana Drishti

|| Om gurave Namah ||
Dear Jyotishas,

Just wanted to make note and emphasis the ācchādana drishti of grahas as used by Pt. Sanjay Rath.

I will just makes notes now, and will later try to add charts after analysis,

Meaning from MW Dictionary,

(H2) आ-च्छादन n. covering, concealing, hiding KātyṠr. 
cloth, clothes, mantle, cloak Pāṇ.  Āp.  Mn.  MBh.  &c
a cover for a bed R.  vii, 37, 11
the wooden frame of a roof L. 

The Acchadana Drsti of the planets are seen from the various houses as follows:
  1. Seventh from Sun,
  2. Ninth from Moon,
  3. Eleventh from Mars
  4. First from Mercury
  5. Third from Jupiter and
  6. Fifth from Venus

Example : "The dictum that affliction to the fifth house from Venus leads to Netra Roga from BPHS is based on a ... yoga called Acchadana Drsti of Graha."

Brihaspati Gayatri, Vishwamitra/Gaathina Rishi Rig Veda 6.62.6